Jim Yong Kim Bao Dandan/ZumaPress

Nová mise pro Světovou banku

WASHINGTON, DC – Zelená revoluce je pokládána za jeden z největších úspěchů v dějinách hospodářského rozvoje. V 60. a 70. letech proměnilo vytvoření a zavedení obilných odrůd s vysokým výnosem indickou ekonomiku a ve velké části rozvojového světa zachránilo miliardy lidí před hladověním.

Budoucnost instituce, která stála za zelenou revolucí – konsorcia 15 výzkumných center z celého světa s názvem Poradní skupina pro mezinárodní zemědělský výzkum (CGIAR) –, je však dnes v ohrožení. Světová banka, jeden z jejích hlavních financovatelů, totiž zvažuje ukončení její finanční podpory.

Toto rozhodnutí by bylo dost znepokojivé i samo o sobě. Posláním CGIAR je globální potravinová bezpečnost a základní zemědělský výzkum má obrovský potenciál poskytovat ekonomický přínos chudým lidem ve světě. Ještě znepokojivější je však signál, který Světová banka vysílá: totiž že už nebude podporovat podfinancované globální veřejné statky, které jsou klíčové pro zachování sociálního, ekonomického a politického pokroku minulého století.

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