Paul Faith - PA Images/PA Images via Getty Images

妇女解放的新阶段?

伦敦—2018年2月6日是《人民代表法案》(Representation of the People Act)诞生一百周年。该法案首次授予(部分)英国妇女选举权——以表彰妇女在第一次世界大战期间做出的贡献。为了铭记这一历史性事件,英国许多城市都为两位妇女参政权斗争的领导者——米莉森特·福西特(Millicent Fawcett)和艾米琳·潘克斯特(Emmeline Pankhurst)树立了雕像。

妇女的经济解放则要等到第二次世界大战之后,男性劳动力的长期短缺——凯恩斯主义充分就业政策的偶然结果——促使更多妇女走出家门,走入工厂和商店。这一第二次解放潮集中在经济不平等上,特别是就业选择歧视和薪酬和财产权利不公。

这些斗争也大体赢得了胜利。继承歧视早已不复存在,同工同酬也在理论上被接受,尽管性别偏见依然顽固(比如在高层岗位的遴选上)。比如,凯利·格雷西(Carrie Gracie)最近因为抗议男女编辑薪酬不平等而辞去BBC中国编辑一职,让六位高层男员工感到无地自容,被迫同意大幅减薪。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To continue reading, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/jjWwuSv/zh;

Handpicked to read next

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.