Спасем ли мы международную финансовую систему?

Всемирный банк и МВФ завершили свои ежегодные совещания, встреченные уличными демонстрациями и давшие миру очень мало новых идей. В этой статье Джордж Сорос предлагает абсолютно новый курс на реструктуризацию мировой финансовой системы.

Международная финансовая система потерпела провал в том смысле, что она не смогла обеспечить приток капитала в те страны, которые в нем больше всего нуждаются и имеют на него право. Мировые финансовые рынки засасывают основную часть мировых сбережений в центр и оказываются неспособными закачивать их обратно на периферию. И действительно, начиная с 1997 года, наблюдается обратный поток капитала из бедных стран на периферии в богатые страны в центре.

Факты говорят сами за себя. В Америке имеется хронический дефицит по текущим операциям, приближающийся к ошеломляющей цифре в 5% от ВВП; 242 миллиарда долларов в первой половине этого года. В то же самое время Бразилия, - которая придерживалась разумной экономической политики и имеет сбалансированный бюджет и активное сальдо торгового баланса - не может провести рефинансирование своего долга под приемлемые процентные ставки.

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