Werden die USA Lateinamerika „verlieren“?

Am 4. und 5. November fand der Amerika-Gipfel im argentinischen Mar del Plata statt. Die Staats- und Regierungschefs der demokratischen Staaten dieser Region trafen sich, um wirtschaftliche, politische und soziale Fragen zu erörtern – und sie haben eine weitere Chance vertan, die Beziehungen zwischen den Vereinigten Staaten und ihren lateinamerikanischen Nachbarn auf eine neue und gesündere Grundlage zu stellen.

Im Endeffekt war der Gipfel nichts weiter als ein überdimensionaler Fototermin. Kein wichtiges Problem wurde gelöst und auch in den vielen Fragen, die Lateinamerika und die USA zunehmend voneinander entfremden, war kein Fortschritt zu verzeichnen. Vor allem im Hinblick auf die Schaffung einer Freihandelszone in der Region trat man weiter auf der Stelle.

Das ist umso enttäuschender, als die führenden Vertreter dieser Region vor über einem Jahrzehnt auf dem ersten Amerika-Gipfel in Miami im Dezember 1994 erklärten, dass die Verhandlungen über eine Freihandelszone „spätestens 2005“ abgeschlossen sein würden. Als Hauptgrund für das Scheitern bei der Schaffung einer gesamtamerikanischen Freihandelszone (FTAA) steht der Unwille der USA und der Bush-Administration, den US-amerikanischen Agrarsektor für Länder wie Argentinien, Brasilien und Uruguay zu öffnen.

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