Bude pokračovat Rumsfeldova revoluce?

Americká obranná politika se nachází na rozcestí. Od roku 1997 požaduje Kongres Spojených států, aby ministerstvo obrany každé čtyři roky vypracovalo rozsáhlé obranné hodnocení. Ministerstvo v současné době zpracovává třetí takové hodnocení, které uveřejní ještě v letošním roce. Dá se očekávat, že bude bez nadsázky přelomové.

Poslední Čtyřleté obranné hodnocení bylo publikováno pár týdnů po teroristických útocích z 11. září 2001. V důsledku toho obsahovalo pouze nepřímé náznaky budoucí strategie antiterorismu. Hodnocení z roku 2005 naopak obsáhne několikaleté uvažování Bushovy administrativy, a tudíž bude sloužit jako klíčový ukazatel budoucího kurzu americké obranné politiky.

Hlavní strategie, která představuje základ americké obranné politiky, nezaznamenala od roku 2002 žádnou velkou změnu. Strategie se zaměřuje na terorismus a volá po posílení sítě mezinárodních partnerů usilujících o vymýcení nadnárodního terorismu a po přímé akci proti teroristickým organizacím a jejich sponzorům. V konečném důsledku pak usiluje o řešení toho, co prezident Bush pokládá za klíčové příčiny terorismu, zejména pak absence otevřených politických systémů a ekonomických příležitostí.

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