Zaplatí znečišťovatelé za klimatické změny?

Tento článek píšu počátkem srpna v New Yorku – v době, kdy starosta vyhlásil „krizový stav z horka“, aby zabránil rozsáhlým výpadkům elektrické energie vlivem očekávaného intenzivního používání klimatizačních jednotek. Zaměstnancům města by mohlo hrozit trestní stíhání, pokud nastaví termostaty na méně než 78 stupňů Fahrenheita (25,5°C). Spotřeba elektrické energie přesto dosáhla téměř rekordní úrovně.

Kalifornie se mezitím vzpamatovává z vlastní rekordní vlny veder. Pro Spojené státy jako celek bylo prvních šest měsíců roku 2006 nejteplejším obdobím za více než století. Také Evropa zažívá nezvykle horké léto. V červenci byly zaznamenány nové teplotní rekordy v Anglii a v Nizozemsku, kde se teplotní údaje sledují již více než 300 let.

Horké léto na severní polokouli se hezky časově shoduje s premiérou dokumentárního filmu An Inconvenient Truth (Nepohodlná pravda), v němž vystupuje bývalý americký viceprezident Al Gore. Za pomoci zajímavých grafů, snímků a dalších informací film přesvědčivě ukazuje, že globální oteplování způsobují naše emise oxidu uhličitého – nebo k němu přinejmenším přispívají – a že musíme tento problém naléhavě řešit.

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