La guerre en Irak risque-t-elle de tuer la mondialisation ?

L'ONU et l'OTAN sont largement perçues comme des organisations affaiblies, sinon brisées, par leur incapacité à parvenir à un accord sur l'Irak. Ces fissures au sein du système politique international s'attaqueront-elles maintenant à l'architecture économique mondiale, et avec elle la mondialisation ?

Conclure un accord économique international n'a jamais été chose aisée. Parvenir à un consensus au sein de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce, composée de 145 membres, où un seul avis contraire peut semer la confusion, s'avérait également difficile même avant que les gouvernements mondiaux ne se divisent en pro- et en anti-Américains. En effet, les accords commerciaux multilatéraux étaient éclipsés par des transactions bilatérales, comme celles conclues entre l'Union Européenne et divers pays en voie de développement, bien avant que n'apparaissent les dissensions sur l'Irak.

Bien entendu, le problème s'enlise davantage, mais tout ce qui touche la mondialisation ne s'est pas obscurci. Les contrôles de l'immigration ont par exemple été assouplis dans plusieurs pays européens, notamment en Allemagne, en raison d'une baisse de la population et de faiblesses pédagogiques. Mais les mauvaises périodes économiques sont rarement des périodes pendant lesquelles les gouvernements introduisent des propositions économiques internationales audacieuses.

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