Останется ли Ольмерт премьер-министром?

После того, как Израиль не смог одержать решительную победу над Хезболлой прошлым летом в южном Ливане, общественное мнение заставило правительство премьер-министра Эхуда Ольмерта назначить комиссию для расследования причин столь неожиданного результата. Как смогла малочисленная милиция, насчитывающая в своих рядах несколько тысяч бойцов противостоять натиску самой мощной боевой машины на Ближнем Востоке?

Комиссия, возглавляемая бывшим судьей Верховного Суда Элияху Виноградом, только что опубликовала промежуточный доклад своей работы. Критика Ольмерта, министра обороны Амира Переца и начальника Генштаба Дана Халуца, изложенная на 117 страницах, была суровой, но предсказуемой. Комиссия Винограда подчеркнула то, что думают большинство израильтян: Ольмерту и Перецу не хватило военного и политического опыта, а также опыта в обеспечении безопасности для противостояния террористической организации, которая осуществляла нападения на Израиль, убивала военнослужащих, захватила в плен двоих из них и запускала тысячи ракет по гражданским целям в течение месяца.

Действительно, в истории Израиля не было еще случаев, когда у премьер-министра и министра обороны не хватало опыта. Ольмерт, который занял место Ариэля Шарона в качестве нового лидера партии Кадима, считался компетентным, но непримечательным парламентарием – и впоследствии мэром Иерусалима – был известен скорее своим полемическим стилем, чем заметной политической позицией или авторитетом.

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