Paul Lachine

Zažijí rozvíjející se trhy v roce 2012 pád?

BERN – Rozvíjející se trhy si v posledních sedmi letech vedou úžasně dobře. V mnoha případech dalece překonaly rozvinuté průmyslové země co do hospodářského růstu, podílu dluhu k HDP, proticyklické fiskální politiky i hodnocení ze strany ratingových agentur a finančních trhů.

Na počátku roku 2012 si však investoři kladou otázku, zda nejsou rozvíjející se trhy zralé na korekci, kteréžto dohady vyvolala nová vlna „bezrizikového“ chování. Zažije Čína tvrdý dopad? Zasáhne pokles cen komodit Latinskou Ameriku? Rozšíří se problémy kolem suverénních dluhů v Evropské unii do sousedních zemí, jako je Turecko?

Jen málokdo věří, že rychlý hospodářský růst a vysoké obchodní schodky, které Turecko v posledních letech zaznamenávalo, lze dlouhodobě udržet. Rovněž vysoká tempa růstu HDP v Brazílii a Argentině ve stejném období by se mohla brzy obrátit, zvláště pokud klesnou globální ceny komodit – což není tak vzdálená možnost, pokud čínská ekonomika začne klopýtat nebo se v letošním roce zvednou globální reálné úrokové sazby. Čína by zase mohla zažít tvrdý pád v případě, že její bublina na trhu nemovitostí splaskne a čínské banky budou nuceny odepsat špatné úvěry.

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