Принесет ли боль Америки выгоду Китаю?

НЬЮ-ЙОРК - В своих попытках осуществить план по спасению американской финансовой системы, представители администрации Буша заговорили о приведении «великой депрессии» 1930-ых годов. Однако, для большинства азиатов воспоминания об экономическом Армагеддоне является куда более свежими.

Азиатский финансовый кризис, который случился десятилетие назад, поставил на колени банки, корпорации и правительства. Первой искрой костра стало обесценивание тайского бата летом 1997 года. Очень быстро инфекция распространилась по всей Восточной Азии, а ее волна последовательных девальваций национальных валют докатилась до России и Бразилии. Затянувшиеся «экономические чудеса» Южной Кореи и Гонконга закончились, а вместе с ними замедлился экономический рост Индонезии и Таиланда.

Главный урок, который был сделан из того кризиса, заключался в идее создания больших валютных резервов. Это стало важным догматом среди восточноазиатских правительств. В 1990-ые годы, быстрорастущие экономические системы Азии располагали небольшими резервами, несмотря на быстро развивающийся экспорт и иностранные инвестиции. Как только в 1997 году началось резкое падение, нехватка правительственных запасов стала препятствовать их способности спасти разоряющиеся банки, вынуждая те обратиться за помощью к международным учреждениям.

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