wildlife protection NurPhoto/Getty Images

Un círculo virtuoso conservacionista

NUEVA YORK – Las comunidades pobres y rurales de todo el mundo dependen de plantas y animales para procurarse refugio, alimento, ingresos y medicinas. De hecho, el Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible de las Naciones Unidas sobre uso sostenible de los ecosistemas (ODS 15), en su pedido de aumentar la “capacidad de las comunidades locales para promover oportunidades de subsistencia sostenibles”, reconoce la estrecha relación que tienen muchas sociedades en desarrollo con la naturaleza. Pero ¿cómo lograrlo?

La Convención sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestres (CITES por la sigla en inglés) de 1975 ofrece un marco viable para promover simultáneamente los objetivos de reducir la pobreza y conservar la naturaleza. Esta convención regula la explotación y el comercio de más de 35 000 especies silvestres en una variedad de lugares.

Se ha dicho que la naturaleza es el “PIB de los pobres”. El marco trazado por la CITES, en combinación con sólidas políticas conservacionistas nacionales, puede proteger las especies silvestres y al mismo tiempo beneficiar a pobres, campesinos e indígenas, al alentar a los países y las comunidades a que adopten planes de gestión ambiental razonables.

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