Власть с «вики-течью»

ПАРИЖ. Помимо заголовков, затруднительного положения правительств и удара, нанесенного тайне дипломатической переписки, разоблачение WikiLeaks дипломатических каналов США представляет необработанную иллюстрацию того, как глубоко изменилась сущность власти в информационную эпоху.

С момента своего создания государство было основным двигателем власти; доступ к власти обычно подразумевал контроль государства, будь то посредством выборов или насильственного захвата. Эта модель, в рамках которой отдельные лица являются субъектами или, в лучшем случае, налогоплательщиками и избирателями, в настоящее время подрывается рядом последних тенденций, которые наделили определенными полномочиями отдельных индивидуумов.

Рассмотрим Интернет, сеть связанных узлов, изобретенную в 1960-х годах в разгар холодной войны, чтобы защитить Соединенные Штаты от общего хаоса после ядерной атаки на их нервные центры. Она была сознательно построена без какой-либо иерархии, без ядра и центральной власти, хотя лишь немногие в то время могли заподозрить, куда, учитывая многочисленные прорывы цифровой революции, приведут встроенные в Интернет тенденции к децентрализованной власти.

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