Anti-TPP demonstration. Paul Allen/Flickr

为何支持TPP?

美国剑桥—来自12个环太平洋国家的谈判员终于在跨太平洋洋合作伙伴关系(TPP)上达成一致,这是一次非常难能可贵的胜利。达成协议需要克服巨大的国内和国际政治障碍。而如今,对批准TPP持批评态度者,特别是在美国,应该以开放的态度读一读这个协议。

围绕TPP的诸多问题被定性为左右之争,至少在美国政治界是如此。左派对该协议抱有坚定不移的敌意——其理由常常是美国国会在谈判期间一直对内容一无所知——这带曾经来了两大危险。一项值得为此付出的努力可能被阻挠,或总统奥巴马的民主党政府可能被迫对美国公司采取更慷慨的态度,这样才能从共和党手中争夺必需的选票。事实上,那些关心劳工权利和环境的人可能搬起石头砸自己的脚。既然他们表现出在任何条件下都不会支持TPP,那么奥巴马也就没什么动力追求他们的所求。

从这个角度看,TPP可谓是意外之喜。该协议给制药企业、烟草公司和其他公司所带来的东西远远少于它们所要求的,以致于美国参议员奥林·哈奇(Orrin Hatch)和其他一些共和党威胁要反对批准TPP。类似地,该协议给环保主义者带来的东西要多于他们所要求的。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/pHHP4FZ/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.