Боевой клич неугнетенных

ТЕЛЬ-АВИВ – Никто не должен удивляться, что недавний референдум в Шотландии о независимости в итоге оставил Великобританию нетронутой. В прошлом регионы или сообщества добивались государственности практически исключительно после борьбы против колониального подчинения и угнетения, гальванизированной апелляциями к своеобразной религиозной, культурной или этнической идентичности. Жалобы на экономическую динамику, социальную политику или неэффективность управления – основа компании «да» в Шотландии – не являются cris de Coeur(криком души) успешного движения за независимость. Это плохая новость для сепаратистов в других странах Запада.

Конечно, технократический национализм Шотландии имеет смысл. Будучи лидером движения, Алекс Салмонд признал в консультационном документе 2012, что «Шотландия не угнетена, и нас не нужно освобождать». Борьба за независимость, он объяснил, была направлена на создание эффективных административных и экономических структур, которые позволили бы Шотландии раскрыть свой потенциал.

Компания «да» надеялась завоевать сторонников с помощью утопического образа независимой Шотландии, который включает членство в Евросоюзе и НАТО; валютный союз с Англией, но не финансовый союз; улучшенные государственные услуги и социальные пособия; а также более низкие налоги. Другими словами, Шотландия будет иметь все, что имеет сейчас, только лучше и на своих условиях.

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