天生钢琴家?

伦敦 一 《卫报》编辑艾伦·拉斯布里哲(Alan Rusbridger)写了一部关于他如何决定每天弹20分钟钢琴的书。18个月后,他弹出了肖邦难度极高的G小调一号叙事曲,围观亲友为之倾倒。任何人都能做到这一点吗?还是说着需要特别的天分?

先天-后天争论由来已久,至今仍未解决,因为这一科学问题总是与政治纠结不清。大体说来,强调天赋异禀的是政治保守派,强调后天的是政治激进派。

19世纪哲学家约翰·穆勒是“人人都是天才”派成员。他相信他的成就跟基因优良毫无关系:任何“智力和健康状况正常者”在其父的教育制度下——包括从三岁开始学习希腊文——都可以变成约翰·穆勒。

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