法国为何在燃烧?

法国的城市骚乱被称为1968年学潮和工潮以来最为严重的事件。这个比喻是不恰当的。1968年的抗议要求法兰西共和国实现其最高的理想,而今天的危机则挑战法国大革命的公民资格和融入模式本身。

法兰西共和国模式宣扬所有的法国公民都有相同的文化特征。实际上,这是唯一可以接受的特征。为了实现这一共同特征,所有的公民都必须讲唯一的官方语言并按照相同的课程接受教育。但是在公共场合,他们也享有平等的权利和同样的义务。

这一切不仅由国家予以扶持,而且要求一种只有中央集权国家才能施行的统一。实际上,法国大革命对于团结的意识形态上的承诺十分严肃,以致于在十九世纪的某些时候,鼓吹联邦主义是死罪。

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