Por qué publiqué los Documentos de Tiananmen*

La propensión del liderazgo chino al secreto es proverbial. No obstante, el velo que existe sobre la manera en que ese partido omnipotente toma sus decisiones importantes se está levantando un poco porque este mes se publica un volumen de materiales únicos sobre lo que pasó tras bambalinas con referencia a la masacre de Tiananmen de 1989.

Los materiales contenidos en el libro, que yo saqué de China y decidí hacer del conocimiento público, consisten de cientos de documentos, incluyendo minutas y transcripciones de las juntas en las que los líderes más importantes de la República Popular deliberaron sobre la manera de manejar las manifestaciones de Tiananmen; discursos clave; notas sobre conversaciones telefónicas cruciales entre los líderes; informes clasificados de los órganos de seguridad; e informes de la policía y militares. En conjunto, estos documentos ofrecen una visión singular sobre el modus operandi de los líderes chinos.

Como testigo y participante de los sucesos de Tiananmen, y como alguien que tuvo aceso a los archivos históricos, sentí que era mi obligación publicar este registro de las decisiones que estuvieron en el fondo de lo que sucedió. La verdad sobre lo que ocurrió en 1989 estuvo guardada en los archivos secretos del Partido en Beijing durante más de una década. Yo decidí involucrarme en este riesgoso proyecto porque creo que quienes quieran apoyar a China deben hacer una profunda reflexión sobre las lecciones de Tiananmen. A pesar de los cambios que se han dado desde 1989, China debe no sólo revertir el veredicto sobre el movimiento del 4 de junio como “una rebelión contra-revolucionaria”, sino también reiniciar el estancado proceso de reforma política y democratización. Creo que estos documentos ayudaran a obtener esas metas elusivas.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/nhRIDk9/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.