Tsipras Merkel Zhang Fan/ZumaPress

Почему Греция отклонила «евроканикулы»

БРЮССЕЛЬ – Всю первую половину этого года, с того момента, как в Греции пришла к власти крайне левая, выступающая против жесткой экономии партия СИРИЗА, греческая сага буквально монополизировала внимание европейских политиков. Даже когда экономика страны рухнула, новое правительство Греции непоколебимо требовало списания долга без жесткой экономии – до середины июля, когда оно вдруг согласилось с условиями кредиторов. Действительно, 13 июля правительство Греции, твердо настроенное против жесткой экономии, обязали ввести режим еще более жесткой экономии и провести болезненные структурные реформы под неусыпным наблюдением кредиторов.

Почему же греческое правительство согласилось на условия, не только противоречащие его собственным обещаниям, но и очень похожие на те, которые избиратели подавляющим большинством отвергли на народном референдуме, прошедшем лишь за неделю до этого?

Многие полагают, что премьер-министр Греции Алексис Ципрас отвечал на ультиматум своих европейских партнеров: примите наши требования или откажитесь от евро. Вопрос в том, почему уход Греции из еврозоны («Груход») представлял собой такую сильную угрозу.

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