Coin under flame.

Proč mohou finance zachránit planetu

PAŘÍŽ – Většina lidí nenávidí svět financí, protože ho pokládá za ztělesnění nezodpovědnosti a hamižnosti. Finance se však i poté, co způsobily recesi, jaká se vidí jednou za sto let, a připravily o práci miliony lidí, jeví jako nepostradatelný nástroj k odvrácení ještě horší katastrofy: klimatických změn.

K tomu, aby se omezilo globální oteplování a odvrátila katastrofa pro lidstvo, je naléhavě zapotřebí jednat, avšak globální společenství trpí zoufalým nedostatkem nástrojů. Nejpotřebnější řešení prosazovaná ekonomy, jako jsou stanovení globálního stropu pro emise skleníkových plynů v kombinaci se systémem obchodování nebo zavedení celosvětové ceny uhlíku prostřednictvím globální daně na emise CO2, nemají příliš velkou podporu.

Místo toho se přípravná jednání před prosincovou pařížskou konferencí OSN o změnách klimatu vedou na základě dobrovolných jednostranných záruk s názvem Zamýšlené příspěvky stanovené státy. Stanovení dobrovolných cílů sice má svou hodnotu, protože vytvoří globální impulz, avšak takový přístup pravděpodobně nevyústí ve sliby, které by byly závazné a současně odpovídaly velikosti problému.

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