Европейская социальная модель против европейской интеграции

БРЮССЕЛЬ – На встрече высокого уровня всей элиты Европейского союза можно было услышать заявление следующего типа: «Европа должна интегрировать и централизовать управление экономикой, чтобы защитить свою социальную модель в эпоху глобализации». Президент Европейской комиссии Жозе Мануэль Баррозу и его коллега из Европейского совета Херман ван Ромпей особенно заинтересовались этим аргументом.

Но утверждать, что только более глубокая интеграция ЕС может спасть «европейскую» социальную модель от натиска развивающихся рынков никак нельзя. Да, глобализация представляет собой проблему для стран-членов ЕС; но не ясно, как интеграция поможет с ней справиться. Более сильное управление экономикой не панацея.

На самом деле даже не ясно, какую европейскую социальную модель надо спасать. Есть огромные различия между странами-членами ЕС с точки зрения размера государственного сектора, гибкости рынков труда и почти каждого социально-экономического показателя, какой только можно придумать. Общими элементами, которые, как правило, отождествляются с «европейской» социальной моделью, являются борьба за равноправие и сильное государство всеобщего благосостояния.

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