Почему недостаточно снижения выбросов углерода

Двадцать лет назад правительства приняли Монреальский протокол, договор по защите озонового слоя Земли от выбросов разрушающих химикатов. Мало кто мог предвидеть, каким дальновидным окажется это решение.

Протокол был однозначно направлен на снятие с производства веществ, таких как хлорфторуглероды (ХФУ), – имеющихся в таких изделиях как холодильники, пенопласт и лак для волос - для того чтобы восстановить тонкий газовый щит, который фильтрует вредные ультрафиолетовые лучи Солнца. К 2010 году около 100 озоноразрушающих веществ, включая ХФУ, будут сняты с производства повсеместно.

Без принятых 20 лет назад решений атмосферный уровень озоноразрушающих веществ увеличился бы к 2050 году в десять раз. Это могло бы привести к 20 миллионам дополнительных случаев рака кожи и еще 130 миллионам случаев глазной катаракты, не говоря о вреде для иммунной системы человека, живой природы и сельского хозяйства.

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