为何中国无法称霸

发自伦敦——中国是否即将成为下一个超级大国?眼看发达国家正身陷衰退或者近乎衰退的泥潭,而该国经济却在以每年8%的速度持续增长,这也逐渐成为一个热门问题。中国已经成为世界第二大经济体,并将在2017年爬升到世界第一。而相对其GDP增长,军费开支的增加则更快。

如果不把美国计算在内的话,这个问题就是足够合理的。在美国人心目中世界上只能有一个超级大国,因此中国的崛起自然意味着美国的削弱。事实上对许多美国人来说,中国代表着一个事关国家存亡的挑战。

这种看法显然过于夸张了。事实上,只存在单一超级大国是极为不正常的,而且只有在1991年苏联意外崩溃了之后才出现了这一状况。正常情况下应该是一种共存状态,几大势力要么和平共处,要么剑拔弩张。

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