¿Quién ayudará a los pobres?

PARÍS – Con el agravamiento de la crisis económica y la perspectiva de otra recesión importante en el horizonte, la creciente desigualdad social se convirtió en una cuestión cada vez más apremiante. ¿Cómo se refuerza una sensación de solidaridad y responsabilidad dentro de un país? ¿Quién protegerá a los más débiles?

Mientras reflexiono sobre esta cuestión, me viene a la mente un debate que tuve hace más de diez años en Berlín con el teólogo alemán Hans Küng y participantes norteamericanos y asiáticos. El tema era "Globalización y ética" -específicamente, una comparación de las maneras en que Europa, Estados Unidos y Asia protegen a los miembros más frágiles de sus respectivas sociedades.

Todos los participantes coincidieron en que en Europa el estado tradicionalmente desempeñaba el papel que llevaba a cabo la filantropía privada en Estados Unidos y la familia en Asia. Pero todos nos apresuramos a agregar que ningún modelo era "puro"; vale decir, la familia ya no era lo que solía ser en Asia, el estado desempeñaba un papel más importante de lo esperado en Estados Unidos y muchas veces no cumplía con las expectativas en Europa.

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