Paul Lachine

Кто должен обеспечивать финансовую стабильность?

НЬЮ ХЕЙВЕН. Служащие центральных банков по всему миру не смогли разглядеть наступление финансового кризиса до его начала в 2007 году. Мартин Цихак из Международного валютного фонда написал в отчете в июле 2007 года, что из 47 центральных банков, опубликовавших отчет о финансовой стабильности (ОФС), «практически все» дали «усредненную положительную оценку финансовой системы своих стран» в своих недавних отчетах.

А пока, несмотря на то, что эти центральные банки не смогли помочь нам до кризиса, они должны продолжать играть ведущую роль в предотвращении следующего кризиса. Это заключение может быть противоречащим здравому смыслу, к которому пришла группа экономистов Squam Lake Group [] – мозгового центра из 15 академических финансовых экономистов, одним из которых являюсь и я, в нашем недавно опубликованном докладеFixing the Financial System (Починка финансовой системы).

Возникла острая необходимость в макропруденциальных регуляторах (правительственные чиновники, которые сосредоточены не на устойчивости отдельных финансовых институтов, а больше всего на стабильности всей финансовой системы). На эти роли хорошо подходят сотрудники центральных банков. Прочие регламентирующие и надзорные органы также немного сделали для прогнозирования текущего кризиса и еще хуже подходят для предотвращения следующего.

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