谁应当首先得到帮助?

人类面临的急迫挑战数不胜数。艾滋病、饥荒、武装冲突以及全球气候变暖等问题与政府无能、霍乱以及新近的自然灾害等一道在争取人们的注意力。尽管我们富有同情心,但是资源有限。那么,谁应当首先得到帮助呢?

对于某些人来说,作出这样的优先顺序看起来是可憎的。但是,联合国和各国政府每年开支数以几十亿美元试图帮助那些需要帮助的人们,却不明确考虑它们是否最大程度地实现了其所能实现的目标。

西方媒体关注于亚洲的海啸;捐助源源而来。一场摧毁巴基斯坦的地震并没有得到头条新闻报道,结果发达国家援助大为减少。

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