谁来为禽流感买单?

50年前,美国的鸡农发现大棚养鸡不仅可以提供价廉物美的餐桌肉食,还能比传统庭院养鸡的方式省不少力气。新的方法被快速推广:肉鸡从田野里消失,搬进了没有窗户的长长的鸡棚。工厂化养鸡诞生了。

把这种方法命名为“工厂化养鸡”不仅是因为鸡棚很像工厂。生产的所有步骤只有一个目的,就是以最低的成本把活生生的动物变成把粮食转为肉蛋的机器。

如果能得到鸡农的允许入棚参观,就能看到多达30,000只被饲养的肉鸡。美国养鸡业的行业协会全国养鸡协会推荐的养殖密度达到了令人震惊的每只鸡85平方英寸¾还不及一张标准打字纸的大小。肉鸡快要上市时,会把这块地方塞得密不透风。如果不把同伴们挤到一边,它们谁都无法动弹。产蛋的母鸡更是一动不动,因为它们被塞进了铁丝编的鸡笼,这样就能一层层堆叠起来,压在同伴的上面。

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