Завтрашние потребители, кто они?

СИНГАПУР. Курс акций брендов, выпускающих дорогих товары, относящиеся к предметам роскоши, резко упал в июле, после того как финансовые результаты этих компаний расстроили инвесторов, в основном из-за замедления продаж на развивающих рынках, особенно в Китае. В то же время выпуски новостей указывают на то, что торговые центры, в которых продаются товары дорого сегмента в Индии и Китае, посещает все меньше покупателей, они пустеют.

Что же происходит? Многие аналитики ожидали, что развивающиеся рынки вызовут быстрый и значительный рост продаж в течение следующего десятилетия. Однако в настоящее время говорят о том, каким образом мировой кризис замедляет развитие этих рынков и уничтожает расходы не первой необходимости.

Но замедление экономического роста в Китае нельзя обвинять в медленном росте продаж предметов роскоши или пустых торговых центрах. Среднегодовой темп роста ВВП Китая, составляющего 7,5 триллиона долларов, во втором квартале снизился до 7,6%, с 8,1% в период с января по март, что вряд ли может являться причиной для паники. Кроме того, две трети снижения темпов роста обусловлено более медленным инвестициями, а не медленным потреблением. Несмотря на долгосрочные структурные проблемы Китая, он как раз не скатывается в рецессию.

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