当防灾胜于救灾

普林斯顿——当地震和海啸三月袭击日本时,布莱恩·塔克正待在印尼的巴东。塔克正与同事合作设计一个避难所,如果,或者说一旦印度洋再次发生像1797年那样的海啸,这座避难所有可能挽救数以千计的生命。1797年海啸的源头位于2004年亚洲海啸源头东南方约600英里处。塔克是地质灾害国际的创始人兼领导者,地质灾害国际是一家非营利性机构,其目标是减轻世界最弱势群体在地震中遭受的伤亡和痛苦。

巴东就属于这样的弱势群体。就在巴东西北方的班达亚齐,160,000人在2004年海啸中丧生。现在地质学家认为导致那次海啸的地质断层最有可能继续向南断裂,致使拥有900,000人口的巴东这样的低洼沿海城镇很可能在未来30年发生海啸和大地震。

在班达亚齐,海啸夺去了多半城市居民的生命。据巴东城镇灾害管理办公室估计,巴东类似规模的海啸可能杀死超过400,000人。

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