El mito de la democracia caqui

NUEVA YORK – Egipto y Tailandia tienen poco en común, excepto en un aspecto. En los dos países y en momentos diferentes, personas instruidas que se enorgullecen de ser demócratas acabaron aplaudiendo golpes militares contra gobiernos democráticamente elegidos. Durante muchos años habían opuesto resistencia a regímenes militares opresivos, pero en Tailandia en 2006, como en Egipto el mes pasado, se alegraron mucho al ver a sus dirigentes políticos destituidos por la fuerza.

Esa perversidad no carece de motivos. Los dirigentes democráticamente elegidos en los dos países –Thaksin Shinawata en Tailandia y Mohamed Morsi en Egipto– fueron buenos ejemplos de demócratas no liberales: solían considerar su éxito electoral como un mandato para manipular las normas constitucionales y comportarse como autócratas.

No están solos a ese respecto. En realidad, probablemente sean representantes típicos de los dirigentes de países con poca o ninguna historia de gobierno democrático. El Primer Ministro de Turquía, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, está en el mismo bando y, si se hubiera permitido a los dirigentes del Frente Islámico de Salvación (FIF) de Argelia tomar el poder en 1991, después de su temprano éxito en unas elecciones democráticas, habrían sido casi con toda seguridad gobernantes no liberales. (En cambio, fueron aplastados por un golpe militar, antes de que se celebrara una segunda vuelta de las elecciones, lo que desencadenó una brutal guerra civil que duró ocho años y en la que murieron unas 200.000 personas.)

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/6lDcOfU/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now