当“主权”威胁到全球健康

纽约——这篇文章涉及到一个你或许闻所未闻的概念:“病毒主权。”我们听到这个危险的想法是拜印尼卫生部长西蒂·法蒂拉·苏帕莉所赐,她声称致命病毒是个别国家的主权财产——尽管这些病毒会跨越国界,给全世界的人带去流行病威胁。世界各国的政治领袖应该予以关注——并且采取强硬措施。

过去四年间,绝大多数禽流感在人类和家禽中的爆发都发生在印度尼西亚。根据世界卫生组织的统计,那里的鸡和人身上至少出现过53种H5N1型禽流感病毒。

可是2005年以后,印尼在已知感染H5N1病毒的超过135人中(其中110人已经死亡)只向世界卫生组织提供了两例样本。更糟的是,印尼已不再向世卫组织提供禽流感爆发或人类感染的及时通知。2007年以后,印尼政府公开向国际卫生规则和一系列其它世卫协议发起挑战,而印尼本身都曾签署过这些协议。

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