حين تهدد

نيويورك ـ لا شك أنكم لم تسمعوا بمثل هذا المصطلح من قبل: ampquot;السيادة الفيروسيةampquot;. لقد تفضلت علينا بهذه الفكرة الخطيرة وزيرة الصحة في إندونيسيا، ستي فضيلة سوباري ، التي تؤكد أن الفيروسات القاتلة هي في الواقع ملكية سيادية للبلدان الأفراد ـ حتى ولو كان بوسع هذه الفيروسات أن تعبر الحدود وأن تفرض تهديداً وبائياً على كل شعوب العالم. يتعين على زعماء السياسية في مختلف أنحاء العالم أن ينتبهوا إلى هذا ـ وأن يتخذوا كل إجراء قوي ممكن.

إن الغالبية العظمى من حالات تفشي أنفلونزا الطيور أثناء الأعوام الأربعة الماضية، بين البشر أو الدجاج، حدثت في اندونيسيا. وهناك ظهر حوالي 53 نوعاً من فيروس أنفلونزا الطيور H5N1 ، بين الدجاج والبشر، طبقاً لمنظمة الصحة العالمية.

رغم ذلك، اقتصرت العينات التي أرسلتها اندونيسيا إلى منظمة الصحة العالمية منذ العام 2005 على عينتين مأخوذتين مما يزيد على 135 من البشر الذين أصيبوا بعدوى الفيروس H5N1 (والذين توفي منهم 110). والأسوأ من ذلك أن اندونيسيا توقفت عن إخطار منظمة الصحة العالمية بتفشي وباء أنفلونزا الطيور أو بوجود إصابات بين البشر. ومنذ العام 2007 تحدت حكومة اندونيسيا التنظيمات الصحية الدولية وعدداً كبيراً من الاتفاقيات التي أقرتها منظمة الصحة العالمية والتي وقعت عليها اندونيسيا.

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