Paul Lachine

如何实现贸易平衡?

东京——

美国经济学家赫伯特•斯坦曾经说过,如果一件事情不可能永远持续下去,它就会适时而止。然而在中国与西方贸易不平衡的问题上,达到平衡的时刻看起来仍然遥遥无期。

五年前就有许多人警告说,西方国家的过度消费和亚洲国家汇率低估的现象正在产生不可持续的失衡。从2005年至2008年,中国在与美国的贸易中顺差增加了41%,而其与欧洲国家的贸易顺差更是翻了一番。2009年后贸易顺差的增加速度开始下降。2010年,中国与美国和欧洲的贸易顺差分别增加了32%和16%。如果某人在2008年8月的一天睡着了,当他在2010年的某天一觉醒来后,他可能永远也不会想到在中国与西方国家贸易中迅速增长的不平衡曾出现过任何障碍。

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