Какова текущая ситуация на Ближнем Востоке?

Ситуация в сфере политики и безопасности в обширном регионе между долиной Инда и восточно-средиземноморским побережьем вызывает серьёзную озабоченность. Когда в 1991 году США начали военное вторжение в Ирак, цель заключалась в осуществлении фундаментальных изменений во всём регионе. Сегодня очевидно, что едва ли хотя бы один аспект данной политики преуспел. Даже успех свободных выборов в Ираке угрожает скорее разделить страну, нежели объединить её.

Существующий на Ближнем Востоке баланс сил действительно был навсегда нарушен и действительно претерпел революционные изменения. В результате, однако, не произошло демократизации с эффектом домино; вместо этого над регионом нависла угроза падения в хаос с эффектом домино.

После принятия решения о начале войны с Ираком в 1991 году с целью освобождения Кувейта Америка стала играть роль единственной гегемонической военной силы в регионе. Решение начать войну с Ираком во второй раз, а затем и оккупировать страну в марте 2003 года, трансформировало данную гегемонию в прямую ответственность США за будущее Ближнего Востока.

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