Chris Van Es

ما هي المرونة؟

كانبيرا ــ إن "المرونة" مفهوم يصعب تعريفه، مثله في ذلك كمثل الحب. ورغم هذا فإن الجميع ــ من الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة بان كي مون إلى الهيئات الحكومية، ومجالس إدارات الشركات، وجماعات المجتمع المحلي ــ يتحدثون عن كيفية بناء المرونة أو الحفاظ عليها. هل المرونة مفهوم مفيد إذن أم أنها مجرد كلمة طنانة عابرة؟

للإجابة على هذا السؤال، يتعين علينا أن نبدأ بسؤال مختلف: إلى أي مدى تعتقد أنك من الممكن أن تتغير دون أن تتحول إلى شخص مختلف؟ وإلى أي مدى قد يتغير نظام بيئي أو مدينة أو شركة قبل أن تبدو وتعمل وكأنها أنوع مختلفة من الأنظمة البيئية أو المدن أو الشركات؟

كل هذا أنظمة ذاتية التنظيم في واقع الأمر. فجسمك على سبيل المثال يحافظ على درجة حرارة ثابتة عند نحو 37 درجة مئوية. وإذا ارتفعت درجة حرارة جسمك فإنك تبدأ بالعرق حتى تنخفض درجة حرارة جسمك؛ وإذا هبطت درجة حرارتك فإن عضلاتك تبدأ بالارتجاج (الارتجاف) لاكتساب الحرارة. ويعتمد جسمك على المردودات السلبية لكي يستمر في أداء وظائفه بنفس النحو.

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