La falaise budgétaire américaine : quelle solution ?

BERKELEY – A moins d'un événement inattendu, les réductions d'impôt temporaires décidées aux USA au cours des 12 dernières années arrivent à leur terme le 1° janvier 2013. D'un jour à l'autre, les taux d'imposition vont revenir à leur valeur de l'époque Clinton.

Certaines de ces réductions servaient à combattre ce qui paraissait être il y a quatre ans un ralentissement momentané de l'économie. Bien que ses défenseurs aient voulu les pérenniser, les présenter comme temporaire a permis de contourner les obstacles juridiques introduits par les démocrates dans une vaine tentative de garantir l'équilibre budgétaire.

A l'augmentation des taux d'imposition qui interviendra début janvier, il faut ajouter la réduction automatique du budget de la défense et celle des dépenses intérieures "facultatives", ainsi qu'il en a été convenu par les démocrates et les républicains durant l'été 2011.

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