Occidentalizar la región del mar Negro

El sangriento final de la crisis de los rehenes en una escuela de Osetia del Norte y recientes choques en Georgia entre tropas gubernamentales y fuerzas separatistas han devuelto la turbulenta región del mar Negro a las primeras páginas de los periódicos una vez más. Esa violencia en aumento es también una alerta para el Oeste, al poner de relieve la necesidad de una nueva estrategia euroatlántica en una región de importancia decisiva que se encuentra en la encrucijada de Europa, Eurasia y el Oriente Medio.

De hecho, la región del mar Negro es la frontera oriental de la comunidad euroatlántica con el gran Oriente Medio. Con el Afganistán, el Iraq y el Irán en los primeros puestos de la lista de desafíos estratégicos que afronta el Oeste, la de afianzar la democracia y la seguridad en esas nuevas zonas fronterizas de la comunidad euroatlántica ha pasado a ser una necesidad ineludible tanto para los Estados Unidos como para la UE. Además, los éxitos en esa región pueden brindar enseñanzas sobre cómo facilitar el arduo proceso de reforma y modernización en el gran Oriente Medio.

La "revolución rosa" de Georgia en el pasado invierno demostró que ahora existe la voluntad de aplicar una reforma radical. Por primera vez, un país de la región está dando los pasos concretos necesarios para realizar sus aspiraciones de llegar a ser un candidato viable a una futura adhesión a las instituciones euroatlánticas. Quien visita la capital de Georgia, Tiflis, ve ahora el mismo grado de determinación para unirse al Oeste que existía hace un decenio en los Estados bálticos.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/UH8Opbn/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now