Putin and Assad Alexei Druzhinin/ZumaPress

Die Verlockung der Despoten

MADRID – Als US-Präsident Franklin D. Roosevelt zur amerikanischen Unterstützung des berüchtigten nicaraguanischen Despoten Anastasio Somoza befragt wurde, soll er geantwortet haben: „Er mag ein Hurensohn sein, aber er ist unser Hurensohn“. Ungeachtet dessen, ob dieses Bonmot nun wirklich so geäußert wurde oder nicht, fest steht, dass es den langjährigen Ansatz des Westens gegenüber großen Teilen der Welt – und die Strategie der US-Außenpolitik während des gesamten Kalten Kriegs -  auf den Punkt bringt.

Allerdings scheint sich in letzter Zeit eine noch beunruhigendere Geisteshaltung breit zu machen. Politische Entscheidungsträger des Westens sind offenbar bereit, sich nicht nur für „ihren Hurensohn“, sondern für jeden Hurensohn zu entscheiden, der, ungeachtet des dafür zu bezahlenden Preises, für Stabilität sorgen kann. Dabei handelt es sich um eine zwar verlockende, aber auch gefährliche Denkweise.

Die Erfahrung hätte die politischen Entscheidungsträger des Westens zu gegenteiligen Erkenntnissen führen sollen. Schließlich erwies sich der vorgeblich pragmatische Klientelismus des Kalten Krieges im Laufe der Zeit als alles andere als ideal. Tatsächlich führte er in vielen Fällen  – beispielhaft erwähnt seien der Schah des Iran, Lon Nol aus Kambodscha, Chiles Augusto Pinochet und Mobutu Sese Seko aus der Demokratischen Republik Kongo - zu langfristiger Unsicherheit und Chaos.

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