Putin and Assad Alexei Druzhinin/ZumaPress

专制的诱惑

马德里——据称美国总统富兰克林·罗斯福在被问及美国是否支持臭名昭著的尼加拉瓜暴君索莫查时回答说,“他或许是个恶棍,但却是我们的恶棍。”无论杜撰与否,这则轶事都准确地总结了西方国家对世界的态度——上述态度奠定了冷战时期美国外交政策的基础。

但近来出现了一种更令人不安的情绪,即西方领导人不仅满足于“我们的恶棍”,而且满足于任何能稳定局势的恶棍,而不管会因此付出多大的代价。这是一种颇具诱惑力但却危险的心态。

经验本该推动西方领导人走向相反的方向。毕竟,随着时间的推移,事实证明貌似务实的冷战庇护主义其实远远不够理想。事实上,在很多情况下——比如伊朗国王,柬埔寨的朗诺,智利的奥古斯托·皮诺切特和刚果民主共和国的蒙博托——冷战庇护主义都造成了长期动荡和混乱的后果。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Qe9BpkU/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now