Paul Lachine

Napodobitelští kapitalisté

CURYCH – Závidět Číně je až příliš snadné. Při současných tempech růstu zvětší čínská ekonomika za pouhých devět let svůj objem na dvojnásobek a podle odhadů se přitom 100 milionů lidí dostane nad hranici chudoby.

Porovnejme to s velkými ekonomikami západního světa. HDP eurozóny se dál potácí pod úrovní roku 2008 a Spojené státy se naposledy těšily růstu na čínský způsob v roce 1984, kdy stál benzin 1,10 dolaru za galon (3,8 litru) a z výrobní linky v Kalifornii sjel první Apple Macintosh.

Vzhledem k chudokrevnému výkonu Západu v posledních letech těžko někoho překvapí, že se závist vůči hospodářské dynamice Číny projevila i v oficiální politice. Mezi nedávné příklady patří přímé tržní intervence (například americká snaha pozvednout domácí automobilový průmysl prostřednictvím programu „šrotovného“) nebo snaha britské vlády opětovně rozproudit domácí trh nemovitostí garancemi na hypotéky v rámci plánu „Help to Buy“.

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