Energía para los más pobres

BREMEN – Un estimado de 1,2 mil millones de personas en todo el mundo, incluidas entre ellas 550 millones en África y 400 millones en la India, no tienen acceso a la electricidad. La mayoría vive en zonas rurales donde la población es escasa y los  ingresos son bajos, lo que hace que sea poco rentable conectar los hogares y negocios a una red de distribución de energía eléctrica. Tampoco es viable generar energía a nivel local con un generador a diesel, debido a los altos costos del combustible y la necesidad de una importante inversión inicial.

Un suministro estable de electricidad a precios asequibles es un requisito previo para el desarrollo económico. De hecho, las consecuencias que sufren las personas que viven sin electricidad pueden ser nefastas: se pueden ver privadas de una atención de salud adecuada, o puede que no tengan la capacidad de almacenar alimentos frescos. Sin embargo, existe una solución, basada en el uso local de energía renovable, que requiere de una inversión inicial mínima y puede ser ampliada con el paso del tiempo.

Este abordaje que requiere la inversión de pocos recursos se basa en el uso de energía fotovoltaica –  una tecnología simple, universal y escalable, y que además es de fácil mantenimiento. Por lo general, en la primera etapa de este proceso, los consumidores podrían utilizar una fuente de energía renovable, tal como la iluminación LED, y vender cualquier excedente de energía hasta que ahorren el dinero suficiente para comprar aceite para lámparas (en cuya compra los africanos gastan alrededor de 20 mil millones dólares al año).

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/enfPGMv/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now