Электроэнергия беднейшим

БРЕМЕН – Приблизительно 1,2 миллиарда людей во всем мире, включая 550 миллионов в Африке и 400 миллионов в Индии, не имеют доступа к электричеству. Большинство живут в сельских районах, где низкая плотность населения, а доходы низкие, из-за чего подключать дома и предприятия к электрической сети экономически невыгодно. Выработка энергии локально с помощью дизельного генератора, по причине высокой стоимости топлива и необходимости значительного начального инвестирования, также неосуществима.

Стабильное обеспечение доступного электричества является предпосылкой экономического развития. Ведь последствия того, что люди живут без электричества, могут быть ужасными: они могут быть лишены адекватной медицинской помощи, или они могут не иметь возможности хранить свежие продукты. Но есть одно решение, основанное на локальном использовании возобновляемой энергии, которое требует минимального начального инвестирования и может быть развито со временем.

Этот принцип «опоры на собственные силы» базируется на использовании устройства для преобразования световой или солнечной энергии в электроэнергию – простая, универсальная и расширяемая технология, которую легко содержать. Обычно на первой стадии этого процесса потребители бы использовали такой возобновляемый источник энергии, как светодиодное освещение, продавая излишек до тех пор, как они не сэкономят достаточно денег, чтобы купить лампадное масло (на которое африканцы тратят примерно 20 миллиардов долларов ежегодно).

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