L'État égyptien en déroute ?

LE CAIRE – Les partisans mécontents du président égyptien destitué Mohamed Morsi et les manifestants en liesse qui ont poussé l'armée à le destituer ont divisé l'Egypte en deux camps irréconciliables. Ces derniers s'affrontent en des querelles déterminantes pour l'avenir du pays. Dorénavant l'Egypte est devenue un pays quasi-ingouvernable qui subsiste grâce à d'importantes aides étrangères.

La position précaire dans laquelle se tenait Morsi ne l'a jamais enthousiasmé. Bien qu'élu démocratiquement, il a choisi de gouverner d'une manière antidémocratique. Il était enclin à purger le système judiciaire et le ministère public, en réponse à leur soutien en faveur des manifestants de l'opposition, et de ses appuis militaires renversés en 2011. Morsi supportait très mal les critiques visant son projet de constitution controversé. Il a ainsi négligé de se concentrer sur les problèmes structurels qui avaient poussé une société paisible à descendre dans la rue deux ans et demi auparavant pour renverser son prédécesseur, Hosni Moubarak.

Tout aussi dommageable que la manière de gouverner de Morsi, la tendance des Frères musulmans à vouloir faire cavalier seul n'a rien arrangé. Des décennies de persécution ont persuadé leurs leaders que le monde serait ligué contre eux. Accéder au pouvoir n'a fait qu'entretenir leur paranoïa.

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