水资源的战争

纽约-许多冲突是由于水资源的短缺而造成或加剧的。从乍得到苏丹的达尔富尔,从埃塞俄比亚的欧加登沙漠到索马里以及该国的海盗,一直到也门、伊拉克、巴基斯坦和阿富汗,跨度如此之大的地区存在着冲突,而这些地区缺水的现实,正在导致农作物的欠收、牲畜的死亡以及极端的贫困和绝望。

在这样的贫穷社区里,像塔利班这样的极端主义组织有了大量的招兵买马的机会。一个政府会将失去其合法性,如果它不能保证本国人民的最基本的需求:例如安全的饮用水、主粮农作物、人民微薄的生计所依赖的家畜所需的饲料和水。

在冲突频发的国家里,政治家、外交官和军官们在处理这些危机时,通常采取和处理其它政治或军事挑战一样的方式。他们会调动军队、组织政治派系、打击军阀或试图对付宗教极端主义。

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