Lekoli River in the Congo River basin Education Images/Getty Images

Voda jako mírová síla

MUMBAÍ – K výměně stráží ve 38. poschodí budovy Organizace spojených národů v New Yorku, kde funkci generálního tajemníka OSN od Pan Ki-muna převzal António Guterres, došlo v době, kdy představa míru a konfliktu prochází jemnou proměnou. Konkrétně se začíná náležitě uznávat úloha přírodních zdrojů, zejména vody.

Tato změna pomalu přicházela už dlouho. Pan i jeho předchůdce Kofi Annan už zhruba dvě desítky let tvrdí, že ochrana a sdílení přírodních zdrojů, zejména vody, má pro mír a bezpečnost zásadní význam. Až loni v listopadu však téma získalo všeobecné uznání, když Senegal, předsedající ten měsíc Radě bezpečnosti OSN, uspořádal vůbec první oficiální debatu OSN o vodě, míru a bezpečnosti.

Na debatě, otevřené všem členským státům OSN, se sešli zástupci 69 vlád, kteří společně vyzvali, aby se voda změnila z potenciálního zdroje krize v nástroj míru a spolupráce. Několik týdnů nato Guterres jmenoval svou náměstkyní Aminu Mohammed, bývalou nigerijskou ministryni životního prostředí.

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