Lekoli River in the Congo River basin Education Images/Getty Images

水,和平的力量

孟买——纽约联合国大厦38层卫兵更换,以及安东尼奥·古特雷斯接替潘基文出任联合国秘书长,发生在一个和平与冲突理念正在发生微妙变化的时刻。特别是资源——尤其是水资源的作用,正在逐步得到应有的认可。

我们为这一刻已经等了很久。潘基文及其前任科菲·安南二十年前就已经提出保护和共享自然资源——尤其是水资源——对和平和安全起到至关重要的作用。但直到去年11月这个问题才得到广泛认可,当月联合国安理会轮值主席国赛内加尔主持召开了联合国有史以来首次有关水资源、和平与安全问题的正式辩论。

辩论向所有联合国成员国开放,汇集了69国政府代表,他们共同呼吁将水资源从潜在的危机来源转变为和平合作工具。几个星期后,古特雷斯任命前尼日利亚环境部长阿米娜·穆罕默德担任副秘书长职务。

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