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Темная сторона технологии голосования

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Согласно неопубликованному «опросу за кухонным столом», проведенному в Соединенных Штатах перед президентскими выборами в ноябре прошлого года, примерно 95% из преимущественно испаноязычных членов одного из крупнейших американских профсоюзов предпочитали кандидата от Демократической партии Хиллари Клинтон ее противнику-республиканцу Дональду Трампу. Но при этом менее 3% членов этого профсоюза действительно собирались голосовать. Вся причина была в экономике.

Для большинства опрошенных расходы на голосование – в том числе неполученная зарплата за взятый выходной день, стоимость поездки на избирательный участок и необходимость обзавестись удостоверением личности (например, водительскими правами или паспортом), – были просто слишком велики. Этот факт отражает более широкую тенденцию в США: бедные американцы часто не могут в полной мере участвовать в демократических процедурах своей страны.

По данным Бюро переписи населения США, на президентских выборах 2012 года проголосовало менее половины взрослых избирателей из семей с доходом менее 20 000 долларов в год, тогда как среди домохозяйств с доходами более 75 000 долларов в год доля проголосовавших составила 77%. На промежуточных выборах 2014 года, по данным аналитического центра Demos, не голосовало 68,5% людей из домохозяйств с доходом менее 30 000 долларов в год.

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