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投票技术的黑暗面

纽约—根据一份在去年11月的美国总统大选前进行的未公布的“餐桌调查”(kitchen table survey),在一个美国最大的本地工会中,占多数的西班牙裔中有95%支持民主党候选人希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton),而不是她的共和党对手特朗普。但只有不到3%的工会成员真的准备去投票。原因就在于经济。

对大部分被调查人员来说,投票的成本——包括不上班而损失的额工资、往来于投票站的交通,以及确保合规的身份证明(如驾照或护照)——实在太大。这反映出美国的一个大趋势,即美国穷人常常无法充分参与到美国的民主中。

据美国人口普查局,在2012年的总统竞选中,家庭收入不足每年20,000美元的合格候选人只有不到一半投了票,而家庭收入超过75,000美元的合格候选人投票率为77%。在2014年中期选举中,智库Demos报道,在收入少于每年30,000美元的家庭中,有68.5%的人没有去投票。

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