Victuailles vertueuses

CAMBRIDGE, MA – La maxime « Dis moi ce que tu manges et je te dirais qui tu es » a sous-tendu les principes de la  diététique pendant plusieurs centaines d’années. L’interprétation prédominante était simple : nos corps, comme les aliments que nous ingérons, sont composés d’éléments chimiques. Pour vivre longtemps et en bonne santé, et pour optimiser notre potentiel, nous devons consommer les éléments chimiques adéquats, c’est-à-dire les nutriments appropriés. Cette maxime est toutefois interprétée de manière très différente depuis un certain temps, dénotant une transformation profonde de la manière dont nous concevons notre vie et notre alimentation – un bouleversement qui comporte des implications importantes sur les débats actuels concernant la santé.

La médecine antique grecque et romaine mettait l’accent sur la prévention. Les régimes thérapeutiques, communément qualifiés de diététiques, prescrivaient un mode de vie destiné à maintenir les gens en bonne santé. Même si les médecins faisaient tout leur possible pour soigner les patients malades, la diététique était considérée comme le domaine le plus important de la profession médicale. Un régime sain devait en théorie permettre de ne jamais avoir besoin d’être soigné.

La diététique définissait un mode de vie ordonné, édictant des lignes directrices concernant non seulement la boisson et l’alimentation, mais également tous les aspects maîtrisables influant sur notre bien-être, du lieu de résidence à l’exercice physique, le sommeil, le transit intestinal, l’activité sexuelle et un domaine négligé par la médicine contemporaine : le contrôle de ses émotions.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/OBSCO2m/fr;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now