Wuilly Arteaga at a protest in Caracas Carlos Becerra/Getty Images

Los rebeldes con causa de Venezuela

WASHINGTON, DC – La imagen de Wuilly Arteaga llorando después de que las fuerzas de seguridad venezolanas destruyeran su violín ha sido vista por millones de personas en todo el mundo. Arteaga, de 23 años, se unió a las protestas contra el gobierno del presidente venezolano, Nicolás Maduro, tocando canciones patrióticas. Su mirada de desesperación habla de lo que muchos en Venezuela están sintiendo mientras se preguntan cuánto tiempo más su país debe sufrir la violencia y el desgobierno.

Al menos 115 manifestantes han muerto en Venezuela desde que comenzaron las protestas callejeras organizadas por la oposición el 1 de abril. Más de 50 de ellos eran menores de 30 años y muchos eran solo adolescentes. Entre ellos se encuentran personas como Neomar Lander, un manifestante de 17 años que al parecer sufrió un disparo a quemarropa con un recipiente de gas lacrimógeno, y Yeison Mora, también de 17 años, que recibió un disparo en la cara mientras participaba en una manifestación en el suroeste del país.

Siempre es difícil estimar el tamaño y la demografía de los manifestantes, pero dos cosas están claras sobre las protestas de hoy en Venezuela. En primer lugar, son mucho más amplias y más socioeconómicamente diversas que las protestas anti-Maduro en 2014, que parecían estar compuestas principalmente por venezolanos de clase media. En segundo lugar, muchos de los manifestantes de hoy son jóvenes.

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