Political demonstration in Venezuela

阻止委内瑞拉收获悲伤

加拉加斯——两年前,基辅和加拉加斯爆发了公众抗议活动。尽管乌克兰的尊严革命迅速取得了政权,但委内瑞拉却经历了一场缓慢的政治变革。但委内瑞拉反对派在12月6日举行的议会选举中取得了三分之二多数席位,革命的进展也因此大为提速。

虽然马杜罗总统在大选之夜接受了失败,但其政府扬言将无视国民议会颁布的任何法律,并已另行委任不符合宪法规定的公社大会。此外,他还利用国民大会的跛脚鸭会议占领最高法院,并公然呼吁支持者阻止新当选议会于1月5日就职。就像两年前的乌克兰一样,现在的委内瑞拉正在走向宪政危机。

但委内瑞拉和乌克兰有着更为古老而可怕的相似之处:即1933年由苏联人为造成的灾难性饥荒。1932年斯大林迫使独立农民——富农——加盟大型集体农场导致330万乌克兰人和波兰人在第二年因饥饿而死于非命。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/s3K2Nuw/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now